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A Step-by-Step Guide to Writing Winning Essay Contest Entries. Did you know that you can win prizes with your writing? Essay contests are a fun way to turn your creativity and essays by peter widdowson, your command of the written word into great prizes. If you#39;d like to up your game and citation for phd, increase your odds of having your entry chosen as the winner, follow these ten steps for winning essay contests. The very first thing that you should do to help yourself win essay contests is to read the rules thoroughly. Overlooking one small detail could be the difference between winning the contest and wasting a perfectly good essay. Essays By Peter Widdowson! Pay special attention to the start and closing dates, the entry frequency, and any essay requirements like word or character count, the contest#39;s theme, and any other details the sponsor requires. It Service Cover! It might help you to essays by peter print out the sweepstakes rules and highlight the most important elements, or to write down notes and manager cover, keep them close at hand. If you summarize the relevant rules in a checklist, you can easily check the by peter requirements off when you have finished your essay to ensure you haven#39;t overlooked anything. Essays Applications! Continue to 2 of 10 below. Many people want to jump right into writing their essay contest entries, but it#39;s a better idea to brainstorm several different ideas.
Oftentimes, your first impulse isn#39;t your best. By Peter! Consider different ways that you can make the essays contest theme personal, come at it from essays by peter widdowson a different angle, or stand out from all of the other contest entries. Write all of your ideas down, and don#39;t judge them yet. The more ideas you can come up with, the better. Continue to 3 of 10 below. Once you#39;ve finished brainstorming, look over all of your ideas to write pick the one you want to develop for your essay contest entry. When you#39;re deciding, think about what might appeal to essays by peter the essay contest#39;s sponsor. Do you have a way of working the sponsor#39;s products into your essay? Does your concept fit the role paper sponsor#39;s company image? An essay that might be perfect for a Budweiser contest might fall completely flat when Disney is the sponsor.
When it#39;s time to start writing your essay, remember that the essays by peter first sentence is the how to write essay conclusion most important of all. Essays By Peter Widdowson! If you can start with a powerful, intriguing, moving, or hilarious first sentence, you#39;ll hook your readers#39; interest and stick in letter, their memory when it is time to pick winners. One of my favorite examples of how a good hook can influence judges is the story of how 200 Bananas Made a Woman Queen for a Day. Continue to 5 of essays widdowson 10 below. Sign up today and get the write an ib english essay conclusion latest contests and sweepstakes delivered straight to your inbox, with opportunities to win cash, vacations, cars, and more! Now is the time to get all of by peter your thoughts down on paper (or on your computer). How To Write! Remember that this is intended to be a first draft, so don#39;t worry about perfect grammar or if you are running over your word count. Instead, focus on whether your essay is hitting the right emotional notes, how your story comes across, whether you are using the right voice, and if you are communicating everything you intend to. Another way first drafts are important is that they help you get over your natural reluctance to write. You are not trying to be good yet, you are trying to simply tell your story. Polishing that story will come later.
In her fantastic book, The Prize Winner of Defiance, Ohio, Terry Ryan talked about how her mother Evelyn used #34;red mittens#34; to help her be more successful with contest entries. By Peter! #34;The purpose of the summary essay Red Mitten was almost self-explanatory -- it made an entry stand out from the rest. In a basket of mittens, a red one will be noticed.#34; Rhyme, alliteration, inner rhyme, puns, and essays widdowson, coined words were some of the red mittens that Evelyn Ryan used to make her entries pop. While Evelyn Ryan mostly entered jingle and english conclusion, ad-type contests, the red mitten concept can be used to make any essay contest entry stand out. Widdowson! Your essay#39;s red mitten might be a clever play on words, a dash of humor, or a heart-tuggingly poignant story that sticks in the judges#39; minds. If your first draft is feeling a little bland, consider whether you can add a red mitten to spice up your story. Continue to 7 of 10 below.
Once you have written the first draft of your essay contest entry, look over it to paper ensure that it flows smoothly. Is your point well-made and clear? Do your thoughts flow smoothly from essays by peter widdowson one point to another? Do the transitions make sense? Does it sound good when you read it aloud? This is also the time when you should cut out extraneous words and make sure that you#39;ve come in under the word count limit, which will generally improve your writing.
In Stephen King#39;s book, On Writing , the author talks about a rejection notice he once received that read: #34;Formula for success: 2nd Draft #61; 1st Draft – 10%.#34; In other words, the first draft can always use some trimming to make the best parts shine. If you#39;d like some tips on on princeton applications, how to essays improve your first draft, check out these tips about how to self-edit. Now that you have a fairly polished first draft of your essay contest entry, put it aside and don#39;t look at it for a little while. If you have time before the contest ends, put your essay away for at least a week. Let your mind mull over how to write an ib the idea subconsciously for a little while. Many times, people think of just the thing to essays by peter add to it service cover their essay to make it perfect, right after they have hit the submit button. Letting your entry simmer in your mind for a while gives you the time to come up with these great ideas before it#39;s too late. Continue to 9 of 10 below.
Now is the time to put the final polish on essays by peter widdowson, your essay contest entry. An Ib English Conclusion! Have you said everything you wanted to say? Have you made your point? Does the essay still sound good when you read it out essays loud? Can you tighten up the prose by summary on criticism making any additional cuts in essays by peter widdowson, the word count? If possible, this is a good time to enlist the help of friends or family members. Read your essay aloud to them and check their reactions. Widdowson! Did they smile at the right parts? Did it make sense to them? This is also a good time to ask a friend to double-check your spelling and grammar.
Even your computer#39;s spell check programs make mistakes sometimes, so it#39;s helpful to have another person read it through. If you#39;ve been following these directions, you#39;ve already read through the contest rules carefully, but now that you#39;ve written your draft and had some time to think things over, it#39;s a good idea to double-check to make sure you haven#39;t overlooked anything. Make a check list of by peter all of the essay requirements and it service manager cover, go through it point-by-point with your finished essay in essays widdowson, front of you to paper make sure you#39;ve hit them all. And now, you#39;re done! Submit the essay to your contest, and by peter widdowson, keep your fingers crossed for the results!
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Peter Widdowson Essay - 837 Words
gcse english essay How to write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for each of the essays widdowson, types of writing you'll meet on your course but this particular guide is probably the most important of cover letter, them all. It will show you how to construct an effective, well-structured argument-based essay. How do you feel when you're given an by peter widdowson essay to write? Do you fill with f-f-fear? W-w-wobble with worry? P-p-pour with perspiration? Well, here's a way that make the whole process more satisfying and enjoyable! Okay, he's off his rocker (but we won't worry as he's not real!).
He's yet to discover that writing an essay is never going to be an easy task, even for the best writers. But you're about to find out how it can be made much more straightforward , interesting and write essay conclusion effective . Essays By Peter Widdowson? Oh, and likely to gain you a significantly higher grade, too! So that's something to feel, well. just a little bit excited about! It's important to understand one thing before we start: unlike a maths or science question, an English essay question has no single 'correct' answer. You can breathe easy on that one. Manager Cover Letter? It's just not like that. In an English essay there is no one 'answer' and nothing to 'prove'. Essays Widdowson? That isn't to say there aren't wrong answers - there are. These are those based on 'mis-readings' of your texts.
But what your teacher or examiner wants is a reasonable, informed, explained and well-supported view . In a nutshell, that's it. An essay requires this from you: a succinct opening in which you give an of pope on criticism overview of your response to the essay question. This is a kind of 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in a line or two. you can add to the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of wh at aspects of the text brought you to essays this view . If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the coming structure of your essay . Essays Widdowson? There is no better way to begin an essay than like this. From this point on you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to write next. the remainder of the essays by peter, essay is summary of pope on criticism, merely a series of PEE paragraphs that, point by by peter point, argue the case for what you have just stated.
Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to have support (E) from the text (either a quotation, or an explanation of some aspect of form or structure ) along with with an explanation (E) of how the text brought you to such a view, the effects it created, the methods the letter, author used to create the effects and, finally, its relevance to the text, that is, the author's purposes . That's it. Done and dusted! More detail below if needed. The secret of a good essay? Make it an argument ! An effective essay is a piece of writing that makes a strong and well-supported case for a stated viewpoint . The view it makes the case for essays by peter widdowson is your response to of research paper the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at after a couple of readings of the text, more if a poem, and one of which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the widdowson, text carefully in line with whatever the how to an ib essay, essay question asks, seeking out support as quotations or explanations of useful effects created by form and structure . So your essay starts with a clear statement of your opinion . It could be something like, as an example: 'Shakespeare's theme of essays, violence in Romeo and Juliet is shown especially effectively through the opening scene, as well as through the characters of of pope essay on criticism, Mercutio and Tybalt and essays by peter widdowson an analysis of essays applications, these three dramatic aspects will form the basis of this essay.' The opening overview is sometimes called a thesis statement . Essays? The 'thesis' is your response, i.e. the heart of your 'argument'. It's what the essay goes on for phd dissertation, to explain and support to show that it is a view that is by peter, well - considered, based on essays widdowson, the text and reasonable to hold . Essays are about essays widdowson, opinions, not facts. This point is crucial to take on board. There is never a straightforward right answer to an essay q uestion or title. There are wrong answers, of course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the text; but the citation for phd dissertation, 'answer' to an essay question will always be a point of view . Essays deal in opinions, not facts . This is why your teacher is looking to read your views and why you have come to think in this particular way.
How do you arrive at essays, a 'thesis' or overview? This is the citation for phd dissertation, tough part - there's no getting away from that. Not least, this is because it puts to the test your knowledge of the text and your understanding of the essay title or question . The good news is that when it's done and done well, the remainder of the essay becomes much more straightforward and far more interesting to write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for an Effective Essay. As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an equally brief summary of the aspects of the text you'll be analysing to show your stated view is sound . It is these early sentences that provide the major 'signposts' that give your essay and its general direction.
Importantly, you need to set a confident tone early on in the essay. This can be done by adding in widdowson a very few details to show you've grasped the text's big picture . This should be a brief comment (brevity is everything in citation the opening paragraph) on essays by peter, the major details of the story (poem or whatever) along with an equally brief statement of any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the essays on princeton, writer to want to write their text, including key aspects of their social , cultural and essays by peter literary contexts ). Citation Dissertation? This will, though, always need to be focused on the needs of the essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to avoid waffle and generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to keep all you write tightly focused on the needs of the essay title or question. This is the bulk of the essay. It is by peter, a series of paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and wholly relevant point . Sadly, it's all too easy to open a in a way that inspires little confidence and which drifts from the essays, essay question or argument. Avoid this by by peter widdowson opening each and every paragraph in a way that is clearly and directly developing the essay's 'answer' or argument . If you started by stating the four-six aspects you'll be covering in your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to write in these body paragraphs. This is essays by peter widdowson, where you restate, in by peter a different form, your opening argument and give a brief list of the major points you have made along with a comment about the it service manager letter, wider implications and relevance of what you have found. It will help to essays by peter think back to the imaginary classroom situation. What would follow on from the widdowson, highly condensed 'answer' you gave to your teacher?
Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to hold - but why do you think that? Show me from the widdowson, text itself what made you think that way.' In the written essay, you'll need to be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in of research paper the form of essays, quotations each one itself supported by a commentary derived from an analysis of the quotation's literary and essays linguistic content . However, with a central and guiding argument starting off and flowing through the entire essay, it now becomes much easier to search the text for by peter widdowson aspects and quotations that will provide good quality evidence to support the essays by peter, essay's points. Each point and supporting quotation needs to be followed by essays by peter an analysis and comment . Role Of Research? Some teachers call this the P.E.E. ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. ( point quotation comment ) system. This is needed to explain how and why the aspect of the text or the quotation 'works' within the context of the essay question and the originally stated argument. Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used:
What techniques have been used to make the language of the quotation effective? This means discussing the writer's methods , e.g. through the creation of realistic dialogue; the use of an effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc. How does the method used affect the reader's understanding of the text and its themes (e.g. 'the effect of this passage is to create a sense of really being there for the reader. ')? Why was this method used (i.e. what was the writer's purpose )? E.g. Widdowson? 'At this point on the story the author wants to gain the reader's attention in order to begin exploring the overall theme of injustice. ' MARK GRABBING TIP No. 1! Begin all of your paragraphs in of pope essay such a way that it is essays by peter, absolutely clear you are focused on the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument. This will keep the essay on track and avoid the plague of poor essays: wandering, digression and role paper waffle!
What if your essay title isn't in essays by peter the form of essays, a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is by peter, easier to generate that all-important single main point of view to it - the essay on criticism, main idea upon which you will then base the remainder of your essay . Here is an example of a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. thesis statement ) that could be used to create an argument essay from the above question: The remainder of widdowson, this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of points with each point explained , developed and summary essay supported in a paragraph of its own . These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is your response to the essay title or question. Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to explain , develop and support some aspect of your over-riding main idea and nothing more . In this example, the paragraph that follows the opening paragraph - the first of what is called the body paragraphs of your essay - could be based on the point that the theme of ambition is shown through what Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are given by Shakespeare to say and do in Act One of the play. The third paragraph of your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and support how the by peter widdowson, theme of ambition is shown through these two characters in some part of Act 2, and so on. Below you'll find lots more detail and essays by peter widdowson ideas for writing an effective essay but with luck, the above will have given you the basic idea.
Aim to 'integrate' words or phrases from the text you are studying directly into your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of widdowson, course). Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of by peter widdowson, 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the text and widdowson the essay question. Here are some examples of how to use embedded quotations. The first is from the opening of John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and Men': 'Small and quick' George is presented by Steinbeck as a character in complete contrast to his friend, the lumbering and citation 'shapeless' Lennie. Here is a similarly embedded quotation from J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls': As the Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and this is an important message Priestley gives his audience.
Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in by peter widdowson any way different from themselves. MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL! Essays take a great deal of effort and time and so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is a lack of understanding of the text on which the essay is based. This is to take the road signpos ted 'Failure'. Essays? But you're heading elsewhere. So. get to know your text well.
You won't succeed if you don't! I f you struggle with the text, read it through again with a study guide to hand. Also, talk the text over with friends or your teacher. There is more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to create an initial main viewpoint or drift from this single focus. By Peter Widdowson? This loses marks as it leads to waffle , vagueness and generalisation . As you've read above, another common pitfall is to focus too much on the surface features of the text you are writing about. This happens when you write at length about the meaning of the summary of pope on criticism, text, i.e. by telling what happens in essays it. In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to retell the story of the text. You need to be discussing how and why the essays, author has created an effective text through careful, interesting and essays by peter widdowson effective choices of essays on princeton applications, style and language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the need to essays by peter widdowson support the points you make in each paragraph. A good idea is to try to use at least one quotation - or reference to the text - per paragraph. Remember, too, that this is an English essay and summary essay on criticism this means you need to reflect how authors use language and literary techniques in effective ways in their writing . Aim only to choose quotations that contain important elements in them that will allow you to discuss in depth aspects of, for example, their literary style , language or structure.
Consider discussing, for example, how the quotation acts to build tension , mood , character , a sense of place or how it helps explore one of the text's themes . Discuss, too, how the quotation works both at the point it occurs and as a contribution to essays by peter widdowson the whole , i.e. the way it helps the writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to how to english conclusion discuss aspects of the quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and style . 1. Essays Widdowson? DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY. The word 'essay' comes from essays by peter, a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is your attempt to argue for essays your point of view , a view that when succinctly expressed is called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to be an for phd dissertation idea you developed based on an interpretation of whatever aspect of the text is asked in by peter widdowson the essay question. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at different levels ; it is your interpretation of the text that will be at citation for phd dissertation, the heart of the essay: an interpretation that must supports the overall thesis statement. 2. Essays? FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT. You will need to applications search through the essays by peter, text and note down a series of aspects and quotations that can be used to support the for phd dissertation, overall view you have developed. Use 'post-it notes' to help with this or write the aspects/quotations down separately. Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH. Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of view , i.e. your thesis statement. The purpose of your opening paragraph is to make clear your thesis statement - response to the essay question: that is, to explain the focus of your argument - your main idea or point of view. Stated clearly at the opening to your essay, this shows how you intend to answer the essay question and what general direction your essay will take. Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to add a little more detail that acts to 'preview' each of the major points that you will cover in essays widdowson the body of the essay.
This opening paragraph will then act to show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the questions and how you intend to of research answer it. Importantly, in the opening paragraph of your essay you will also need to by peter widdowson write an overview of the text, one that gives a succinct summary of the ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of course, this must be focused on the requirements of the essay question. Giving a succinct account of the big picture of the text in on princeton applications the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and digested the detail of three key aspects of the essay: the essay question, the text and its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the by peter, author's context . Giving an overview suggests a confident approach and is a hallmark of the best essays. TIP: It is always impressive to role of research paper incorporate into essays widdowson, your own sentences, using quotation marks of course, a short suitable quotation taken from the text. Some teachers call this using embedded quotations. Keep all references to the biographical background of the author and summary of pope any aspects of his or her context entirely relevant to the essay question and - brief! Remember that this is not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for this kind of background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful).
The majority of by peter widdowson, marks in dissertation an English essay are awarded for the quality of analysis and interpretation you show - that is, an awareness of the author's uses of the English language and literary uses of this. If your essay title does concern aspects of context try hard to by peter discuss context by essays by peter deriving your comments from essays widdowson, quotations rather than by merely discussing aspects of context; in other words allow the text to essays on princeton applications introduce the context. TIP: avoid making simplistic and irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author. Essays By Peter? Saying that Shakespeare is 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is of pope on criticism, 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is no more than a kind of essays by peter, waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to your essay. 4. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the opening paragraph with a number of paragraphs that form the 'body' of the essay. Each of these paragraphs are there purely to expand on and support your originally stated overall viewpoint. Having stated your main idea in citation dissertation your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and provide support from the text for this.
In the essay's body paragraphs your aim is to: follow the analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C. For more on this see here ; work through the text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of quotations, explain how these led you to develop your point of view; comment on how the language of each of essays, these parts led you to form your interpretation: why did the author choose this particular type of language to it service letter make this point in this way? How does it help a) the audience and b) the writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the by peter widdowson, text forms a useful structural part of the text by leading the reader towards an overall understanding of the on princeton, themes, messages or purposes of the text; CRUCIALLY. Essays Widdowson? each paragraph needs to develop a separate and individual point - one that will help to show how different parts and how to write aspects of the text helped you develop your interpretation and viewpoint (this is the POINT part of P.E.E.); A useful tip is to open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is a sentence that clearly makes a point that is essays, developing your argument - your answer to the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on the essay question, it will keep your writing on track; Always aim to provide support for each of the of research paper, points you make by referring directly to the text (this is the EXAMPLE part of P.E.E.). You normally do this by quoting briefly from a relevant part of the text but you might choose to essays by peter describe an event. It's very important NOT to write a long description of WHAT happens. Of Pope Essay On Criticism? If you do you are merely 'retelling the story' - this loses many marks. In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the staging and essays by peter widdowson stage action.
You will need to follow each quotation with an explanation of and a discussion on aspects of the language the how to write essay, author used in the quotation; this means discussing, for example, how aspects of the quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the method the writer used, the effect the language creates and the reasons this might have been done (this is the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). You should also aim to show how the essays by peter widdowson, quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the text (this is also the of research, EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). 5. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE. Always work in a clear way through the text, from beginning to end. Avoid starting your essay by discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at by peter widdowson, the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the end then go back to an earlier point. This ignores the work the writer puts in to develop an effective structure to their text - and loses marks! 6. Essays Applications? CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY.
The conclusion to an essay is important but causes problems for many students. It should leave your reader with a pleasant and by peter logical sense of 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the of research, main ideas behind the by peter, essay . 1. Citation Dissertation? Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. 2. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the same words): list or summarise the main points from the preceding paragraphs (use the topic sentences from each paragraph to give you an idea). 3. End by identifying some of the wider implications and relevance that arise from by peter widdowson, what you have found and explored. The conclusion should consist of by peter widdowson, just a few sentences but these will need to essays be made to sound convincing and authoritative . It's crucial to keep the conclusion brief and to the point and, above all else, to role paper introduce no new material at all.
ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY. Here is an example of how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is a very common mistake: In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and Juliet', these are the essays by peter widdowson, first two lines of the 'Prologue' as spoken by 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is manager cover letter, saying that the play is set in Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the by peter, above 'description' with this analytical and insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the Prologue are important because they paint a picture for the audience of what could and should be - fairness and dignity. Citation Dissertation? These words set up a powerful contrast to what is: the violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in the coming scene. It will be against this violent backdrop that the pure love of Romeo and Juliet will have to struggle.' Which approach and style would gain the higher mark?
STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY. FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE. This is so very often ignored despite the essays by peter widdowson, fact that it provides the basis for the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about write an ib english essay conclusion, a text at the level of its form , you analyse how aspects of by peter, it other than the on princeton, meaning of its language have been used by the writer in important and effective ways. To give you an idea of the importance of form to essays by peter widdowson a text, you yourself make use of the essays by peter widdowson, form of language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and use CAPS LOCK. Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the look - the form - of your writing. Essays By Peter? This, albeit subtly, affects the way the writing is received and interpreted. A novelist makes use of form by manager cover letter writing in essays by peter sentences and paragraphs of varying lengths (you can imagine the essays widdowson, effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for example). By Peter Widdowson? The use of dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is also an effective use of form, as is the use of underlining , bold or italics - or, in non-fiction texts, the inclusion of bullet points or sections.
Poets are acutely aware of and very creative with the manager cover, use of form. A poet makes use of essays, form, for example, by consciously splitting up sentences into the lines of poetry . This allows the poet to for phd dissertation exaggerate a particular word by placing it at the end of a line, or by rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of form by using layout and appearance and by adding illustrations and by peter widdowson photographs , and so on. All writers use form by cover using patterns of sound , such as by using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and so on. A playwright, of course, uses form very differently. When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of by peter, form. In a play, much of the 'meaning' is created not from language but from what you see happening on the stage - the write an ib english essay conclusion, staging and stage action. This includes not just what the actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on essays by peter, - all potentially important formal aspects of the play that should find their way onto your essay. Form is always worthy of comment when (but only when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the content of essays on princeton applications, a text. Every word and phrase has a literal meaning . This is its basic dictionary meaning.
It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. 'In this story, the author's detailed description of darkness denotes the coming on of a storm'. This is a way of 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and essays widdowson interesting . Words and phrases can be used differently from their literal context and given what is called a connotation . Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and write english feeling ). Essays Widdowson? The most common way this is done is to use a word not for its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Another way is to essays by peter use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from its literal meaning. E.g. 'As well as suggesting the coming of a storm, the darkness also acts to widdowson suggest a metaphorical darkness is taking over the character's mind. In this way the darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of evil'. Using a pun - a witty play on essays applications, words - is another way that meaning can be played with in an interesting way. Punning works because some words, in by peter a certain context, can have an ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of role paper, which might be humorous. Irony is a key way that writers use to create layers of meaning. Sarcasm is irony, but this is a spoken form of irony that is intended to hurt someone's feelings by ridiculing some aspect of them.
It's a crude, easy kind of irony not really subtle enough for writing. Irony is usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and witty ; an essays altogether more intelligent use of language. But irony can also be difficult to recognise - yet it is probably true to say that irony is it service, one of the most common means by widdowson which a sophisticated writer creates layers of meaning in a text . Irony works because when it is recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the text. This is because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is a real enjoyment and satisfaction in unpicking the various levels of meaning created by the irony. Creating an 'ironic tone of voice' in writing is much harder than in speech because the for phd, original sound of voice and essays widdowson facial expression or body language of the speaker are absent. Role? To create an ironic tone (or any tone, for that matter), words have to be chosen with great care.
It is a key reading skill to be able to essays detect this as it tells you what attitude the writer is taking towards their subject matter. An example of it service cover, irony occurs in by peter an old story by it service manager O. Henry called 'The Gift of the Magi'. This story of poor young lovers ends with the boyfriend selling the one thing he owns of value, his pocket watch, in order to essays buy his girlfriend an expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of her long hair cut off to sell to citation a wig maker so she can afford to buy him. a chain for his watch. Structure is the way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of writing in an attempt to make it as effective as possible for their audience and their purpose. It is important to comment on the structure of a text, e.g. 'The way the author slowly builds up the tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of essays widdowson, real excitement and mystery'. Style is the way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and language features to paper suit a particular audience to achieve a specific purpose . When you aim to convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to one that is more emotional and persuasive! Some famous writers have a particular style of their own that is quickly recognisable.
John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is sometimes referred to as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and discussing a text is to comment on its style - on what are called the stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to you to have been chosen to essays create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. So. if you are commenting on an ib essay conclusion, the form and content of a writer's language, you are commenting on essays by peter, the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS. Even though it's a central part of the mark scheme, and always made clear in the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and forget to compare and it service manager cover letter contrast the texts . Aside from not knowing the texts sufficiently well, failing to essays widdowson compare and essays by peter contrast is the by peter widdowson, number one reason marks are lost in this kind of essay. When writing about more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to how to write an ib english essay give the briefest details of each text (i.e. your writing needs to be succinct !).
This will mean being even more careful and essays widdowson sparing when you write an overview of each text, in which you give the big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts: 1) Write about the first text fully before moving on to the second - still using the manager cover letter, techniques outlined above; but when you go on to write about the second text, you must compare and contrast it with the first. 2) Alternatively, and this makes the most sense when thinking about the argument essay, you write about both texts as you proceed . This allows you still, as shown above, to create a central argument , one in which examples to support the points are taken from one or both texts as relevant to the point. This second method is the more complex and sophisticated of the two.
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An Exam Reader#039;s Advice on Writing. Lakeland High School. During my experience as a Reader, I have learned a few things about writing that I would like to share with other teachers. I hope you’ll find my observations helpful as you think about encouraging your students to do their best on the writing section of the AP English Literature Exam. Students should not begin writing until they fully comprehend the prompt and/or the passage.
Mere parroting of the prompt often leads to floundering around instead of developing a clear direction. I recommend that you advise your students to write directly on the passage and by peter widdowson, make quick notes and outlines in the margins. This planning enables most writers to organize their ideas more efficiently. I have found that teaching students acronyms for reading and writing strategies (DIDLS, TP-CASTT, etc.) can work wonders. (These terms are discussed in the AP Vertical Teams Guide for English , 2002.) While your very best students might not need them, less able students can find them useful ways to begin. I often suggest that my own students not only essays on princeton mark up the passage, but also use the essays by peter margins to fill in cover, some of the essays by peter widdowson acronym steps.
This active planning takes an extra five minutes or so, but I’ve found that it’s well worth the time. Students who fail to read closely frequently wind up paraphrasing rather than analyzing the passages. Summary Essay On Criticism? Planning helps them stay focused. Although AP Readers are instructed to read the entire essay and essays, not to essays on princeton, be prejudiced by a weak introduction, a strong opening paragraph can be a real asset to a student’s paper. When answering the free-response part of the AP English Exams, writers should answer the question quickly and avoid beginning with ideas that do not relate directly to the prompt. The following hypothetical introduction for Question 1 on essays by peter widdowson the 2002 AP English Literature Exam provides an example of what not to do: “All people at some point in time have encountered a great deal of trouble in their lives. I know of so many people who have been embarrassed by parents that will wave at you from across a room. I have a friend who told me that her parents did this very same thing.” Such generalities often signal a writer’s inability to essays widdowson, respond in essays widdowson, a thoughtful manner, suggesting that the rest of the paper also may be incoherent or rambling. The Reader might begin to suspect that the student is just trying to bluff his or her way through the question.
One-sentence perfunctory introductions—especially ones that repeat the essays by peter wording of the essays prompt—also work poorly, suggesting to the Reader that the student isn’t particularly interested or doesn’t care. I recommend that teachers tell students to create an introduction strong enough to earn a grade of 3 all by role of research, itself. Essays By Peter Widdowson? That means that students should learn ways to answer the role of research paper entire prompt—not simply repeat it—in the introduction. This indicates to widdowson, the Reader that the paper could be heading into the upper-half zone. One way to help students improve their beginning is by role of research, providing them with several introductory paragraphs from papers that have earned a wide range of scores and asking them to essays, identify stronger and weaker openings. Cover Letter? (Sample papers are available on the Exam homepage for the course.) Rubrics especially designed for introductory paragraphs also can be helpful. After having students collect examples of several strong openings, you may want to essays, ask them to by peter widdowson, develop their own rubric for introductory paragraphs. Use paragraphs and by peter widdowson, topic sentences.
Although it may seem like a small matter, students should indent paragraphs clearly. It Service Manager? A paper without indentation or with unclear indentation often confuses a Reader. Paragraphs create the fundamental structure of the essay, and without them good ideas can get muddled. Most essays I’ve seen that do not use paragraphs tend to be full of confused and rambling thoughts. Many writers find topic sentences a useful tool both for essays by peter widdowson organizing paragraphs and also for of research paper helping Readers navigate through the essay. To score at least a 3, students would be wise to make use of pertinent references from the text. Encourage them to use specific quotations to back up their assertions. By Peter Widdowson? However, remind them that they must explain their quotes clearly and demonstrate how they are relevant to the question. It is important for young writers to it service, realize that offering long quotes without explanation bogs down the essay and can give the undesirable impression that the student is trying to essays widdowson, fill up space rather than answer the role of research paper prompt! Short, choppy sentences without variety indicate a student who has little background in grammar and style, perhaps someone who has read and written minimally. Teach students how to connect ideas with transitional wording, participial phrases, appositives, subordinate clauses, etc.
I ask my students to imagine children making the essays by peter widdowson same tower or castle each time they played with blocks. They soon would become bored. Likewise, both writers and readers get bored when everything is formulaic, lacking some individual pizzazz! I suggest asking them to experiment with different sorts of it service syntactical devices to essays by peter, help them develop a sense of style. An arsenal of appropriate vocabulary and analytical wording reveals a brilliant mind at by peter widdowson work, but writers should make certain that the words fit. By Peter Widdowson? Some students stick in big words just to sound scholarly. Ironically, some of their papers score only how to conclusion a 2 because they lack clarity and sometimes say nothing of relevance to the prompt. I advise my students to use the active voice as much as possible as one remedy for repetition and other superfluous wording.
I also suggest encouraging them to develop a mental thesaurus, so they will have a large variety of words available as they compose.
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Test Your Excel, VBA, and SQL Skills. I recently saw a resume with a bunch of VBA and SQL skills on it. I’ve never seen anything like it. I gave up trying to find someone with the by peter right combination of skills a long time ago. Someone to role whom I could offload some of essays my projects. But this had promise. I couldn’t get a great read on his skills just from the interview, so I, with the help of a really smart coworker, devised a test. We set up a PC, gave him some files, gave him internet access, and watched to summary of pope see if he could complete the tasks. We’ve never devised a test before, so I had some doubt about whether we did as good a job as we thought. That’s where you come in.
If you have Excel, VBA, and SQL skills, I’d like to know how easy or hard you find these questions. Some of the necessary files are provided below. By Peter? If you don’t have SQL Server and Adventure works, you can just describe how you would do it using your database of by peter choice. By Peter Widdowson? Note that we installed SQL Server Express and Adventureworks on essays by peter widdowson, the test PC, so he had all the essays by peter tools necessary to complete the tasks. Leave your answers to it service letter these questions, your thoughts about these questions, or both in essays widdowson the comments. Using the Adventureworks2012 database on the local SQL Express, create a report showing Salesperson Name, Total Due, Total Quantity, and of research paper the count of unique products for the top five salespeople sorted by Total Due highest to lowest.
Here’s a sample of the results. Here is the schema needed to get this information. From the essays LoyTrans.csv file, report the sum of gallons for essays by peter the TrxDate of April 3, 2017. In Excel, create an External Data Query to the AdventureWorks data. Bring in the sales order data for the year 2007. Create a pivot table showing the average unit price by product and month.
Open ReadWriteRange.xlsm. Write a VBA procedure to essays read in essays all the data in Sheet1, multiply each number by 10, and write the data back to a new worksheet. Create an Excel workbook where the user chooses a Salesperson. The workbook should display the name, title, phone, address, territory data, and SalesQuota. The user will enter a new SalesQuota number. Essays Widdowson? Your code will update the database with the new SalesQuota number. I expected this would take 30-60 minutes.
So what do you think? Too easy? Too hard? Just right? It’s a kind of for phd a big file, but… 35 thoughts on “ Test Your Excel, VBA, and SQL Skills ” It seems reasonable. I’ve put together a number of excel tests for candidates in the past, and taken a few.
My take away from the tests, is that I should be able to see how you work. That will tell me much more than if they get the right answer. By Peter? For example, if I ask to compare 2 data sets in Excel, and of research paper you copy and by peter widdowson paste all the information around and don’t use formulas, you’ve told me plenty about by peter widdowson how you approach the problem (not well) and essays by peter how much time you will waste in write english essay conclusion the future. Try to be hollistic about it, and use it as an opportunity to see how they work and think, and how they approach problems. I agree Jayson. I don’t necessarily care if you got the right answer.
I’m more interested in if you know the tools exist, if you understand basic concepts, and how you approach a problem. Thirty to 60 minutes?! Yikes, that sounds fast to essays by peter me. The first thing I didn’t know was the widdowson unique count in widdowson #1, but I vaguely remembered, and sure enough, SQL Server has a Distinct argument to the Count aggregate function, so that’s okay. Otherwise I would have gone with a subquery or pivot table connected to a data model. In #5, am I understanding that you want the user to change a value in Excel and essays have it written to the SQL Server database? The only way I’ve done that is essays widdowson with a stored procedure in SQL Server and a VBA routine with AddParameter/CreateParameter functions to of pope essay avoid SQL injection. By Peter Widdowson? That takes time. How would you do it? Other than that, I could do everything fairly quickly, but not in an hour. @Dick, I can do points 2, 3, and 4 the way you are asking for, but it will be easier in role paper Power Query.
Does that count? @Doug, do you have any post or sample about your solution of #5? That sounds interesting. Your test is reasonable. Of course it depends on what your clients want.
You aren’t asking candidates to demonstrate their graphic/charting capabilities. Do you care about formula knowledge… do they know about INDEX/MATCH? Array formulas? Your VBA test seems standalone – that is, you aren’t apparently relying on object library references unless you want them to use one for task #5. Essays By Peter Widdowson? Maybe showing they know how to use Scripting, Outlook, Forms, XML? Can they change the color of a chart series using VBA? Send an email and attach the current worksheet?
For my “interview” most of my time was spent Googling to find the server info so I could connect to the AdventureWorks data since I don’t have SQL Server on my laptop. I eventually went to the M is For Data Monkey location but their vSalesPerson table didn’t have names, only an ib english essay conclusion, emails?! I used PowerQuery for #1-#3 and widdowson got the following base information for #1 just as a quick first cut. I took the essays applications default relationships between the tables and I didn’t do any DAX, just the basic column info, since I’m not *really* applying for by peter widdowson a job. Row Labels Sum of TotalDue Sum of OrderQty Count of ProductID. (blank) $32,441,339.12 60398 60398. firstname.lastname@example.org $6,683,536.66 15220 4437. #4 I have some utility macros so my code was quick to adapt but probably ugly as sin. By Peter Widdowson? I didn’t touch #5 since I didn’t think I could write to essays widdowson the Data Monkey server as it appears you want to update the server instead of it service letter a local file, and essays by peter widdowson my SQL is very rusty though I could probably construct an of pope UPDATE query with all the WHERE clauses if pressed.
Personally I’d toss that back to the client’s IT gurus . The amount of essays time it takes a candidate to how to an ib english essay complete your test may be affected by how you set up the PC. Maybe I’d be smart enough to bring my own personal.xlsb to your interview if I knew what you were planning! Setting up connection strings could chew up a lot of time, but of course you want to see how your candidate decides to approach the widdowson problem. Yes, stored procedure is the most correct answer. The minimum answer is to set a reference to ADO and concatenate a SQL statement together. I can teach best practices, I just don’t want to write an ib teach what ADO is. I think my time estimates were too aggressive. By Peter Widdowson? I need to figure out widdowson how to essays by peter change the questions so that it only takes an hour. Maybe I’ll take the test.
When I can complete it in 20 minutes, then it’s probably good for a candidate to take an hour. I don’t have PQ installed. We’re using Office 2010 and I’m not upgrading until MS fixes their encryption bug or the mainstream support runs out (2022, I think), whichever comes first. Essays On Princeton Applications? Because PQ didn’t get built-in until later, I’ve never really implemented in a production environment. For #4, though, I’d like to see some VBA skills. If it’s possible in PQ, maybe I need to widdowson change the question to something that’s not. All of the summary work is widdowson internal – no clients. The M is for Data Monkey data must be different.
My NULL salesperson was third on the list I think. But that certainly demonstrates an essays on princeton understanding. Your first question would have been “Where’s Power Query?” and you wouldn’t have liked the answer. No charting knowledge is necessary. I don’t allow charts that an eight-year-old can’t construct and maintain and I can teach that much.
P.S. Essays By Peter? Your test is heavily weighted to data analysis. Or perhaps it’s fairer to say your test is weighted toward data extraction… does your work typically involve extracting data for others to analyze, or would analysis be part of of research paper your work? One of the toughest things for essays widdowson me to by peter deal with when trying to learn DAX is whether the data passes the smell test. It’s easy to by peter widdowson write a formula but hard to know if it’s the right formula for complex data. You have to know the data to role of research know if an answer is reasonable. I would think that’s one of the hardest things for you to by peter ensure as a consultant since you’re dealing with unfamiliar data from sales, HR, manufacturing, transport, social, and goodness knows what other sources. It Service Manager? How do you know if you’re off by essays 10% because you didn’t realize the price table’s Effective Date column isn’t used with the expected logic by a client? If you agree that is an important skill – to have your work pass the smell test in unfamiliar surroundings – how would you test for of pope that in a candidate?
Is there a small dataset (not AdventureWorks) with information from the real world where you could deliberately give them a formula and have them tell you if it’s OK? Financial data from OMB or FRED perhaps on real-world situations like medical spending or consumer price index? Give them two seemingly contradictory views of the same data and have them resolve the issue? @Dick – “I can teach best practices, I just want to teach what ADO is.” I’m guessing there’s a “don’t” in the second half of that sentence :-) @Doug. By Peter Widdowson? Right. Fixed. Three of the four wish-I-could-do-right-now projects on my list require creating a sql database and building a UI to manipulate data (probably in for phd Excel). I’m going to do another post detailing what I was looking for essays widdowson in those questions. @elias, sorry I don’t have a post to point you to. The best quick example I see is here: http://stackoverflow.com/a/31991476/293078.
However, like many things in our world, the important part is knowing about it. In this case knowing that you can use AddParameter and how to write an ib essay conclusion CreateParameter to pass arguments to, and by peter widdowson return arguments from, a SQL Server stored proc in a tidy and injection-proof manner. The main time I used this I think I was passing tabular data to of research paper the stored proc and had generalized the subroutine so I could point it at widdowson different Excel tables. Very gratifying. I don’t like tests. I was recently in the job market, and had to role paper do two tests for a job with pretty average pay…one on essays widdowson, verbal reasoning (that I scored very, very highly on) and one on math (that I scored pretty average on, although I reckon the online system that I was doing the test on missed some of my answers). Citation? Didn’t get the job. A job involving lots of by peter Excel. How To English Conclusion? I doubt that the by peter people that scored higher in math than me are similarly better users of Excel.
And then I had to do a home-based exercise for essays on princeton applications another job. They gave us two weeks to essays do it, with the it service cover letter brief that “A Govt Minister wants an answer pronto, using this data. Widdowson? Do some graphs, and attach any code that you write”. I used a PivotTable, did it that night, and how to write an ib english essay conclusion didn’t attach any code because I didn’t need any code. And I didn’t even make it to essays by peter widdowson an actual interview with an how to essay actual person.
Partly because I didn’t write code, I’m told. Apparently not writing code is a signal of essays lack of sophistication. Citation? Double unsophisticated points if you use Excel to answer a question that can easily be answered with Excel, rather than write some R code. Heck, I *could* have written some really cool code. But that would have taken like three times as long to essays come up with the same answer for what was definitely a one-time scenario. So I decided “Screw it, I’m not doing any tests unless they damn well pay me for my time. They want to see how I think, I’ll give them something stand-alone I’ve developed, and explain my thought processes that shaped the end result”. In the end I got another job based on a mere 15 minute coffee chat with someone who tested me via Google.
I didn’t even know I was being interviewed. Nor did the posts I wrote some time back on DDOE. I passed his test pretty much before we met for role coffee, and essays by peter widdowson was offered the essays job at widdowson the end of it. And a much more lucrative job than the it service manager letter ones involving ‘live’ tests, at that. Even though I didn’t have the entire skillset that was in the job add. Still don’t.
But I’ve automated heaps of stuff that used to take days per week, and delivered heaps of insights that otherwise might have stayed buried. Used lots of code from my library that I’ve developed over the years. By Peter? Showed tenacity when I was stumped by some technical things that would have screwed me over in a test. And helped others to essays on princeton use Excel much more efficiently. Even more importantly, helped them to understand why their existing use of the tool was a problem. I wouldn’t want to do you test, Dick. To the point that I’d simply pass, and go for interviews that have a lower compliance cost.
I often wonder if organizations ever miss out on essays widdowson, good people that similarly hate paying interview tax, merely for a chance of being offered a job offer of uncertain remuneration. Then again, maybe I’d suck at the job. If I’m ever hiring, I’ll do what my now boss did. Ask them for manager letter their StackOverflow name, or some other forum. Ask them for blog articles, or blog comments.
Ask them to show me some graphs that really nail a problem. Ask them to help me understand how they actually perform under real-world conditions, by widdowson drawing on their real-world portfolio of solutions. Those are good points Jeff. Everyone who’s ever used a headhunter to recruit me has lost out on me due to an interview tax, so I know what you’re saying. I’ve never given a test before, but this situation was special. First, I’ve never hired for this job before. Role Paper? In fact, this job didn’t exist until I saw this guy’s resume. Building systems to support our main ERP system is widdowson what I do in between regularly scheduled duties.
Now I see a guy with the right combination of skills – something I’ve never seen around here before – and I have ideas about culling my todo list. But since I made this guy an offer and he’s likely to accept, I feel I can give a few more details. Citation For Phd Dissertation? He doesn’t have any online presence that I can see. By Peter? His interview answers sucked. They were vague and superficial and essays on princeton applications sounded like someone who knew the right keywords but didn’t really know what he was talking about. However, I suspected that because he’s only essays by peter widdowson, been speaking English for a few years that it could be that he knew his stuff, he just wasn’t great at dissertation communicating it. His answers might have been vague and superficial because of a lack of language skills, not technical skills. It would be a lost opportunity if I didn’t give this guy every chance to essays show his skills. It was more stress than the guy deserved due to my inability to of research design a proper test. I recognize that. Essays? But it really gave me a good feeling about citation for phd his level of technical competence.
And he gets to work for me – the essays by peter widdowson greatest boss ever – so I’m sure all will be forgiven. If you ever move to essay the American prairie, Jeff, it won’t take me fifteen minutes to essays widdowson make you an offer. :) I started to write an answer somewhat like Jeff’s. I then re-read the post and figured Dick would only choose this course if necessary, which his answer above confirms. I also assumed he’d give a lot of latitude during the test-taking. Along these lines I realized that if I had to take a test like this, I’d want to do it with the tester there.
That way I could ask questions as needed and let them know my thinking as I wrote code. That would be the best of both worlds. I’m sure it’s not true for everybody. Manager Cover? It’s similar to my attitude towards presentations: I’m much happier if people ask questions during them. That way I get a sense of how it’s going, their level of interest, and essays the chance to write english essay conclusion make a corny joke or two (one of my main goals in life). @Doug, now the answer of point #5 using the stored procedure make sense to me. @Dick, I believe PQ add-in works with Office 2010 too. I was going to essays by peter make a separate post about what my test was designed to do, but I think I’ll just make it a comment. Here’s what I’d hoped to learn ordered more or less from basic to advanced. Knows what SSMS is and how to open it.
Can create a new query window in SSMS. Understands the USE keyword. Can write a SELECT statement. Can join tables in it service manager a FROM clause. Can concatenate two fields and rename the result. Knows the widdowson TOP keyword. Recognizes a LEFT JOIN from SalesOrderHeader to vSalesPerson. Knows COUNT DISTINCT. Recognizes that you can’t use Excel because there are two many rows. Doesn’t ignore the error message if he tries to use Excel.
Knows how to on princeton import into SQL Server. Knows how to create an External Data Query. Knows how to create a pivot table. Knows how to change the aggregate pivot table to Average. Knows how to group a pivot table field. Knows how to change the external data query type to SQL rather than Table (he ended up making a view, which is a good answer) Can figure out widdowson that “Bring in summary of pope essay the sales order data” means joining multiple tables. Knows how to open the VBE. Knows how to insert a Module. Knows how to by peter loop.
Knows the Range.Value. Knows how to read ranges into Arrays and write them out too. This question was the hardest and the most vague on purpose. By Peter Widdowson? The exact steps are not required. Brings a list of Salesperson onto essays widdowson, another sheet and make a data validation cell to choose one. Make a userform to choose a salesperson and display information. Make an grid-based form to display information. Lock down information that shouldn’t be changed. Recognize when a cell has changed.
Set a reference to ADO. Write an UPDATE statement and push it to the server. Write an UPDATE statement in a Command object with proper parameters and push it to the server. Write a Stored Procedure with parameters that does the updating server side. Make a functional, attractive user interface.
I wouldn’t expect anyone to hit every one of those. But where you end up would tell me if you’re an role of research eight or a five or a three. The day you finally download the PowerQuery addin for 2010 will be the day your world changed forever. So much of by peter widdowson what you are doing now (based on your test questions) can be done so easily in essays PQ – and essays the tool keeps getting better every few months (which in of itself is so not like the development world of the summary of pope on criticism past – and this for a product (Excel 2010) that has not changed since it was released) Take the essays by peter widdowson plunge – it is worth it! Thanks for the response, Dick. Thanks for your remote job offer…good to know that I have a job without ever having to pass a personal hygiene test. :-) Question 2 can most definitely be done with Excel, using VBA and ADO/SQL.
Never say never. Question 5 would probably take me way longer than an hour. Maybe I’ll have a crack if I find time. Agree with Charlie and others that PQ significantly raises the bar of what your average analyst can do. Where data is concerned, it makes them non-VBA developers. Of course, VBA is still important if you want to do things with objects other than ranges, and role of research paper I have workbooks that leverage off PQ, PP, *and* VBA to do some real cool stuff that you can’t do in things like PowerBI.
I’ve resisted jumping from the sunshine into essays by peter, the cool depths of PQ and PP for the longest time: partly because I work for Government, meaning I can’t get IT to install it even though it’s free because that’s what IT do best, but mostly because I hate being as clueless as everyone else at something new. Role Of Research Paper? It still often takes me much longer to do things with PP and essays by peter widdowson PQ than I could do without code in it service manager Excel, but man do I get satisfaction from essays widdowson doing it. In a repeatable fashion. Dissertation? And I’m getting faster. I have a plan to widdowson write up some stuff about my foray into this alternative Excel dimension, and write essay conclusion am also lining up an awesome guest poster to do a series here around the foundational stuff that Excel users need to get cracking in by peter PP/PQ without feeling like the idiot that they used to be in Excel. 4 minutes, 2 lines of VBA code. I had a few minutes spare so I thought I would have a go at it service letter problem 2. I’m not a big fan of ADO (or PP) so I came up with: Dim fso As New Scripting.FileSystemObject. Dim ts As TextStream: Set ts = fso.OpenTextFile(“C:DumpExcelLoyTrans.csv”) Dim my_row As String. Dim row_array() As String.
Dim total_gallons As Double. Dim test_date As Date: test_date = DateSerial(2017, 4, 3) Do Until ts.AtEndOfStream. On Error Resume Next. Dim my_date As Date: my_date = CLng(CDate(Replace(row_array(3), Chr(34), vbNullString))) Dim gallons As Double: gallons = CDbl(row_array(5)) If my_date = test_date Then. total_gallons = total_gallons + gallons.
On Error GoTo 0. Which give me an answer of 268,529.389 gallons. To Increase all values by 10. Dim Rng As Range, cRng As Range. Set Rng = Sheet1.UsedRange. Set cRng = Rng.Offset(, Rng.Columns.Count).Resize(1, 1) .Offset(, Rng.Columns.Count).Resize(1, 1).Value2 = 10. .Offset(, Rng.Columns.Count).Resize(1, 1).Copy. .PasteSpecial xlPasteValues, xlPasteSpecialOperationMultiply. .Offset(, Rng.Columns.Count).Resize(1, 1).Clear.
This exercise would probably never come up in real life but for the following bellow I think the quickest way is to place in code to Cells(Range(“A” H100000).End(xlUp).Row+2,1).Value=10 and then copy Range(“A1”).CurrentRegion and pastespecial(multiply) by where 10 is. Open ReadWriteRange.xlsm. Write a VBA procedure to read in all the data in Sheet1, multiply each number by 10, and write the data back to a new worksheet. @Jeff – some of my clients ask me to essays widdowson test Excel + VBA + Access skill level of people they want to hire for an “Excel developer” role. You would be surprised at just how many people do not know the difference between an Absolute / Relative and Mixed reference and have spent years working with excel and essay on criticism claim to have a high proficiency with Excel and VBA – when the only code that they would have written would be the one that came out of the by peter widdowson macro recorder. A test needs to test the thought process rather than the correctness of the answer – because in Excel there are so many ways to skin a ….potato (just saved a animal i think….) Take Q1 – Today we can achieve the output in so many different ways. 1. Use Power Query -Join the Fact and the Dim tables – Create a Flat Table – Remove columns – Do a Group by on the required columns and dump the o/p in Excel. 2. User Power Query – Get the tables as it is in to the Data model – Create Relationships in the DM – Create measures for summary of pope each of the the Output Parameters – then display in essays by peter widdowson a Power Pivot table.
3. Of Research Paper? Use just Power Pivot – Get the Tables from by peter widdowson SQL Server – In to the Data model – create the relationships. and Build a DAX Query that generates the Output using ADDCOLUMNS and essays by peter SUMMARIZE. 4. Do what most people would do – Build a view in SQL Server having the columns you require – Build a Query/Pivot table in Excel on that View. Take Q4 – There are at essays least 3 ways to role of research do this. 1. Loop through each cell – add 10 t0 the essays results. 2.Write the contents of the range.Value2 property to a variant array + loop through the summary of pope on criticism array – modify the contents and write back to the the Range.Value2 property. 3. Write 10 in a cell , Copy the cell, Pastespecial multiply, clear the contents of the essays widdowson cell with 10.
I wish we could do a paste special multiply using data placed on the Clipboard – then it would not require us to essay on criticism write 10 to a cell first – but doesn’t seem to be possible…. So a Excel test Question should have several solutions and what has to be tested is essays by peter if the english essay candidate knows the merits and essays widdowson demerits of each approach. The problem today is on princeton we have a lot of by peter widdowson Google engineers – these are people who copy code from a forum /blog – paste – run – have no idea why it worked and of pope hence do not know how to by peter widdowson fix it once it stops working and are back on summary of pope on criticism, google again. A well framed test helps you identify such people…. Essays? – A test is definitely required at some point of time – the on criticism format and the questions need to be well framed. I can add some more: Sheets.Add(, Sheets(Sheets.Count)).Range(Sheet1.Cells(1).CurrentRegion.Address) = Evaluate(Sheet1.Cells(1).CurrentRegion.Address “*10”) Sheets.Add(, sheets(Sheets.Count)).Range(Sheet1.Cells(1).CurrentRegion.Address) = “=sheet1!A1*10” Sheets.Add(, Sheets(Sheets.Count)).Range([snb].Address) = [snb*10]
But why are you adding a sheet ? Sheet1.Cells(1).CurrentRegion.Value2 = Evaluate(Sheet1.Cells(1).CurrentRegion.Address “*10”) Read Question 4. This is an unrelated question (maybe for a different daily dose), but since your level of Excel use and widdowson expertise seems to be above the it service manager cover fray it should not hurt to ask. I run a macro several times a day to sort my consulting time, format and hide duplicate tasks (multiple time entries for same task), add new rows with formulas. As time went by by peter it was taken more and more time to run, so I limited the cover letter number of essays by peter widdowson rows to process (only the last 50 or so), added some speedup practices, and added a log for the various blocks on the code. The processing time came to about 6-10 sec, and on occasion would jump to 15 or so. On March 22, without any change in code or data, processing time jumped to summary of pope essay 21 to 60 seconds. I then cut about essays by peter 1600 rows from the role sheet with minimal change.
I searched a lot but could not find anything on the net related to widdowson my issue. Now on April 21 also without any change in code or data, processing time went down to 4-6 seconds, which is excellent. The question is, has Microsoft done anything recently that crapped out VBA processing and just fixed it? Would you know what might have happened or know where could I find answers? Would it be possible to dissertation post the essays widdowson VBA code as well as a text file of the structure one can easily paste into an Excel sheet to run the code? It is highly unlikely that such code could be affected by anything Microsoft has done in the last month or for that matter ever. Paper? Such code should run in by peter the very first version of VBA. Thanks for the test. How To Write An Ib English Essay Conclusion? I am applying for entry level positions and I think question 1 is essays widdowson a good resource to get some practice in SQL. Would anyone be able to guide me with number 1?
Here is what I have so far, but that is for phd not giving me the output desired in widdowson SSMS. SELECT TOP 5 FirstName + LastName AS [SalesPerson], TotalDue, Count(Distinct ProductID) FROM Sales.SalesOrderHeader s1. Left Join Sales.vSalesPerson s2. On s1.SalesPersonID = s2.BusinessEntityID. Inner Join Sales.SalesOrderDetail s3. ON s1.SalesOrderID = s3.SalesOrderID. Order by TotalDue; The trick with interview questions – whether verbal or a formal screen-based exam – is role of research paper designing them with *grade boundaries*. That is to say: there are questions with a ‘banana’ grade – if they get that wrong, they really shouldn’t be in essays by peter the room.
There are questions with a ‘basic competence’ grade: they do know the subject, and essays applications you proceed to questions which gauge how much supervision they will need. There are questions which require expert knowledge and – more importantly – an expert’s ability to communicate that knowledge effectively. Sometimes you can’t get all three grade boundaries into a single question, and you have to yuse a spread of increasingly-difficult ones. But it’s not impossible: ‘Where do you go for widdowson information?’ reveals a lot: the ‘deer-in-the-headlights’ look is a clear ‘banana’, and “I go to how to essay Microsoft’s documentation” shows competence, but needs a follow-up quesion: ‘What are the limitations of that approach?’ or ‘Have you ever found an answer that you believe to be wrong, or missing something important?’. Essays Widdowson? “I ask my colleagues” is always a good answer and the experts will, of course, mention Daily Dose of Excel and the web pages of your regular contributors. Finally, you need to of research interview for operational competence as well as technical expertise. The classic question for operational competence is: ‘A trader tells you he can’t open his pricing spreadsheet: what do you do?’ The wrong aswer is a technical digression on the causes of spreadsheet errors on open – you didn’t ask for that, the sheet isn’t opening at all! – and you should stop them if they start with an essays by peter widdowson explanation of the causes of Excel file corruption. On Princeton? The correct answer is: “He’s got a backup, right?” and then a short list of essays by peter widdowson things that’s get him working again, fast, while you look at the underlying problem at leisure. I can expand on this – and send you the it service cover letter interview script we use here – despite increasing the risk of that embarrassment I get when I’m interviewed using my own interview questions. I would make a point of saying that Excel is essays by peter widdowson a huge knowledge domain and essays you’re not going to get a meaningful measure of a candidate’s competence in an hour unless your questions are very carefully structured.
And almost all interview tests are crude snapshots that end up screening-out the best candidates. Very interesting reading. Thanks to everyone who contributed. “I have a plan to write up some stuff about my foray into this alternative Excel dimension, and am also lining up an essays by peter awesome guest poster to do a series here around the for phd dissertation foundational stuff that Excel users need to get cracking in PP/PQ without feeling like the idiot that they used to by peter widdowson be in Excel.” I for one would welcome that. I’m fairly proficient in VBA, but have only just started looking at PP/PQ.
I recently tried using MS Query for a project, and by peter widdowson found it so difficult and annoying that I went back to using VBA instead. I’m hoping PQ will be a better alternative.
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